Universite pour la Paix, Costa Rica

Master en Genre et Construction de la Paix (Costa Rica)

Ce Master est proposé en anglais. Il s’adresse aux personnes qui cherchent à approfondir leurs connaissances et leur compréhension dans les questions de genre et de construction de la paix, afin de participer activement dans la résolution des conflits à une échelle régionale et internationale.

Master en Genre et Construction de la Paix, Université pour la Paix

Pour en savoir plus sur les formations proposées, visitez le site de l’Université pour la paix

Pour connaître le calendrier universitaire, visitez le calendrier de l’Université pour la paix

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Détails en anglais sur les formations proposées :

Background

The Master of Arts in Gender and Peace Building is a ten-month programme that has been designed to support women and men who participate in social, economic and political processes of change and who are interested in key issues of gender and peace building. In addition, the degree responds to the demands and challenges faced by students continuing their education and by mid-career professionals working in governmental, multi-lateral or bi-lateral institutions, non-governmental organizations and private enterprises.

Overall, the programme aims to involve men and women in the processes of peace with the clear understanding that conflict, violence and war have a variety of impacts upon men and women that, while comparable, are not the same.
The Master’s Degree is built around a three-term timeline (two semesters and one full research term) and is based upon a series of intensive courses which are each three weeks in length. Each course focuses on the real-world application of theoretical debate through the presentation and analysis of case studies, experiences and "lessons learned".

Graduates of the Master’s Programme gain the ability to serve as gender trainers, to participate in peace negotiations and to solve problems from the gender perspective along with skills in research, data collection and critical analysis. They are also able to successfully design and implement gender and peace programmes and development projects based upon a profound knowledge of the conflicts and struggles brought about by discrimination based on gender.

The Master’s Degree is presented in English, and all reading and writing materials are given in English

Objectives

- To offer a graduate programme that addresses the interface of the fields of Gender and Peace Building to students who are continuing their education and professional work in government, inter-governmental institutions, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and private enterprises

- To prepare qualified professionals to design proposals, carry out development programmes, and evaluate projects from the gender perspective.

- To graduate men and women who are highly qualified to actively participate in the prevention of conflict situations, the negotiation of peace and post-conflict reconstruction from the Gender Perspective.

Themes
The Master’s Degree addresses the following topics from the Gender Perspective :

Introduction to the Study of Peace and Non-violent Transformation of Conflict

Introduction to Gender and Peace Building

Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods

Cultures and Learning — from Violence towards Peace

Conditions of Exclusion and Strategies of Inclusion : Diverse Human Groups

Peace Processes — Conflict Analysis, Resolution and Transformation

Human Rights, Democracy and Governance

Economy and Development : Aspects of Gender and Peace

A Gender Analysis of the Environment and Sustainable Development

Admission Requirements

Admission to the Master’s Degree is open to qualified students who have completed a bachelor’s degree or equivalent at an accredited higher education institution and who demonstrate an active interest in the field of Gender and Peace studies. As specified in the admission requirements, a written essay will be requested as well as three letters of recommendation. In addition, applicants will be required to demonstrate an adequate knowledge of English, through TOEFL results or completion of studies at an English-speaking institution

Venue

The Master’s Degree in Gender and Peace Building will be offered at the University for Peace headquarters, in San José, Costa Rica. UPEACE will assist students in finding suitable housing close to the campus.

Scholarships
Limited financial assistance may be available to those students who demonstrate academic excellence, financial need and to ensure gender balance and balance of regional representation.

The Gender and Peace Studies Department

The Department for Gender and Peace Studies underscores the idea that peace and gender equality are inextricably connected. By seeking to mainstream the gender perspective, the Department intends to inspire decision makers (in both the public and private spheres) to use gender as an instrument of analysis that will help them avoid any injustice or inequality based upon sex discrimination and encourage them to take advantage of the particular qualities that men and women possess when working to prevent violence, solve conflicts, or influence post-conflict environments. Through an educational strategy that targets civil society leaders and trainers, the Department encourages the formation of public policy measures, non-profit projects and development initiatives that recognize the importance of both sexes and the equality of rights.

Director of the Department : Dina Rodriguez (Peru)
Master in Education, University of Texas, United States. Bachelors of Science, Alverno College, Wisconsin, United States. Bachelor of Arts in Education at the University of Education in La Cantuta, Lima-Peru. President of the UNESCO International Jury for the Human Rights Education Prize (2000-2003). Director of the Department for Gender and Peace Studies at the University for Peace (2001- present). Director of the Area of Education at the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights (IIHR), Costa Rica (1997-2000). Head of the Center of Educational Resources of the IIHR (1992-1997). Was responsible for the International Conference : "Health, Political Repression and Human Rights", Costa Rica (1989). Her disciplines are : Education ; Human Rights Education ; Culture of Peace ; Gender issues and Preparation of Educational Materials.

Course Descriptions

The Department for Gender and Peace Studies has worked with professors from around the world to develop a set of truly unique courses that address the interface between the fields of Gender and Peace Studies. The final product of these consultations is the presentation of a demanding curriculum that requires students to think critically about the two overarching themes while covering a broad range of issues.
GPB-6011
Introduction to Gender Studies and Peace Building
3 credits
The course analyzes the complex relationships between gender, violence and peace. The perspective proposed is that of political theory that will allow for a detailed analysis of the specific relations of gender and power including but not limited to economic power. It will also focus on the intersections of gender, sexuality, class, race, ethnicity and religion.

The course will focus on masculinities and their relationship to structural oppression ; dominance ; violence, especially of that directed at women ; and militarism. Is masculinity intrinsically related to violence ? Can violence at home be separated from violence at the war front ? The course will also offer contemporary critiques of and research on the masculine mystiques along with proposals for a culture of peace.

Femininities will also be discussed especially according to their traditional relationship to passivity and victimization. Are women really more peaceful ? Does motherhood and maternal thinking make women more peace loving ? Gender specific peace proposals will also be evaluated as well as visions of women as agents instead of only as victims.

GPB-6020
Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods
3 credits
This course will develop students’ theoretical knowledge and applied skills in conducting qualitative, quantitative and participatory research in the fields of peace building and conflict analysis and resolution, with a strong emphasis on gender issues and their cultural implications. The first week of the course in October 2005 will be dedicated to the students’ understanding of basic concepts such as how to determine research questions, hypothesis, design samples and how to select an approach. Issues and examples related to research ethics will also be covered. The second week of the course will focus on the design and implementation of qualitative research methods such as interviews, focus groups, case studies and participatory approaches such as the Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA). It will also focus on quantitative research methods, survey design, data collection and analysis. During that week, students will also receive practical training on data management and analysis.. In the third week, students will develop, in collaboration with the instructor, their theses.

GPB 6060
Human Rights, before, during and after conflict.
3 credits.
This course on human rights will not be taught from the point of view an objective observer but from the standpoint of a feminist human rights activist who is committed to the idea of human rights for a better world. The course will therefore develop the idea that human rights are the basis for peace, justice and democracy and that there can be no peace without justice and no justice without human rights from a gender perspective. Human Rights will be defined as a code of conduct, an agenda for development, and a guide for good governance based on the principles of equality, accountability, participation and legally binding instruments. They will also be discussed as a challenge to cultural diversity, national security and sovereignty. Because human rights theory, as most man-created theories, is andocentric, the course will discuss the andocentric bias in the theory and practice of human rights and the process by which human rights have slowly acquired a gender perspective. The course will also teach different methodologies for incorporating a gender perspective into human rights theory and practice and how to develop a human rights framework for any peace building activity or policy.

To talk about human rights is to talk about democracy, governance, justice, state responsibility, the duty to protect, participation, human security and substantive equality, all of which are pre-requisites for peace.

GPB 6045
Gender, Security and Peace Building
2 credits.
This course will focus on how security must become an integral part of the process of reconstruction - or new construction, with gender equality and women’s rights, concerns and expertise integral to the rebuilding of war-torn societies and institutions. Rule of law based on gender justice, with ’the rule of rights’ prevailing over discrimination ; lies at the heart of the landmark United Nations Security Council resolution 1325, (2000), Women, Peace and Security, which emphasizes a consultative, inclusive, participatory process requiring the full involvement of all, particularly women in peace building.

This course will examine how the evolution of this resolution coincided with a re-evaluation of the role of women in the international community in complex peace support operations and peace building. The complexities of peace building encompassing a "wide range of political, developmental, humanitarian, and human rights mechanisms" will be analyzed through a gender lens.

It will illustrate how inclusive security is based on essential links between non-discrimination in peace accords, rule of law, and governance, as well as social and economic rehabilitation of war-torn communities. The current debates on international security and freedoms will be evaluated from a gender perspective, with analysis of future trends.

GPB-6030
Cultures and Learning - from Violence towards Peace
3 credits
The major assumption of this course is that "Humans can learn and change their acquired behaviors and beliefs." Human behavior is mostly transmitted from one generation to another via cultural means of socialization (for example, militarization and education are essential institutions in this context). Categorization and identity labeling is one of these powerful means to establish boundaries and justify both violence and cooperative relationship.

This course aims to develop further understanding of the role of cultural, ethnic, and religious, gender, linguistic, and other forms of sub-identities in creating a peaceful environment. Students will learn concepts and frameworks to analytically link the different forms of violence in society with gender-based violence. In addition, the course will explore gender-based initiatives to reduce violence in society and promote values and practices of peace. The course raises issues of awareness of biases, prejudices, and direct and indirect institutional discrimination that are often implicated in social and cultural forms of violence. The course also explores social and political arrangements, which various societies have devised to deal with cultural and ethnic differences. Finally, the course examines the obstacles, as well as major accomplishments, of various organizations in integrating human and cultural values and practices of peace into their structures.

GPB-6090
A Gender Analysis of the Environment and Sustainable Development
3 credits
This course is designed to provide technical, methodological and practical inputs in order to understand the importance of gender issues for the environmental sector. Throughout the three weeks the students will be exposed to the major trends that have been used for the incorporation of gender in the environmental sector. Also, practical skills will be gained in order to mainstream gender in the project cycle (elaboration of proposals, planning, monitoring and evaluation, indicators), produce specific ecosystem analysis from a gender perspective (coastal zones, forest, watersheds, semiarid and arid zones, protected areas and biodiversity) and elaborate gender policies for the environmental sector.

Students of the course will acquire advanced skills in research, data collection and critical analysis in relation to gender and environment. Based upon a profound knowledge of how to link gender, environment and peace building process, they will also learn how to successfully write grant proposals, as well as to design, implement and evaluate a variety of programmes and projects.

GPB-6010
Peace and Non-violent Transformation of Conflict
2 credits.
This course offers further insight into gender studies, directed at concepts in peace and conflict studies, and additional knowledge of non-violent struggle as a method of pursuing social justice and transformation of conflict.. Gender is treated as an important sub-field in international affairs and is fully integrated into the course’s overview of peace and conflict studies and the introduction to theories and methods of non-violent strategic action. Fundamental debates in peace and conflict studies are examined.. The strategic thinking that underlies the use of non-violent sanctions is considered, including its fundamental principles and theories of power.

GPB-6022
Gender Mainstreaming in Peacekeeping Operations and in Humanitarian Assistance.
3 credits.
This course is designed to provide theoretical as well as field-based knowledge on the gender dimension of peacekeeping and humanitarian assistance. Throughout the two weeks, the students will be exposed to the major trends that have been used for the incorporation of a gender perspective in peacekeeping and humanitarian fields. Policies, programmes and practical case studies will be shared with the students with the aim of getting a through understanding of the positive and negative aspects of peacekeeping operations and humanitarian activities in different environments worldwide. At the end of the three-week course, the students shall be able to understand the cost of ignoring gender in peacekeeping mission and the delivery of humanitarian assistance and to analyze current situations with a gender perspective.

GPB-6050
Peace processes - Conflict Analysis, Resolution and Transformation
3 credits
Conflict Resolution (CR) is itself an innovative approach to thinking and talking about conflict in ways that deconstruct the distinction between theory and practice, realism and idealism. CR has come under internal and external pressure, however, for its own dogmatism. It has experienced a call from the things that it leaves out of its analysis, by-passes by way of misplaced pragmatism, and otherwise under-theorizes, creating its own Others of omission. CR, if it is to remain relevant must be open to calls from its own margins, particularly as CR claims to place the apparent marginalia at the center (e.g. focusing on the roots of conflict in addition to conflict behavior). In the first part of the course we will look at the CR approach to theorizing conflict, understanding its origins, the vocabularies for speaking of conflict in ways that "get to the heart of the issue", and focusing on the root causes. Then we will move on to a critique of what talking in these ways fails to say - and with what repercussions - about gender, power, privilege, and difference. The second part of the course addresses various responses to conflict. The third part looks at peace processes and the challenges presented by the concept of peace building.

Former Students’ Theses
Class of 2003/2004
Cathy A. Onekalit -Uganda
• A Generation of Thorns Easily Made yet Hard to Break : The Child Soldiers of Northern Uganda
Daniel Ketema - Kenya
• Eritrea’s Peace Army in Exile : Diaspora Eritreans’ attempt to effect change in Eritrea through non-violent struggle
Anna Kirey
• Non-formal education in gender and peace for young people in Kyrgystan : needs analysis, theories and methods
Nisreen Hannoun - Jordan
• Reconstruction in Afghanistan : Women, Agency and Constitutional Reform
Roxanne Myers - Guyana
• In Search of Peace - Women in Political Parties in Guyana
Stella Laloyo - Uganda
• Security Concernes among Women Living in Internally Displaced Camps in Northern Uganda
Angela Rosinni
• Women in the Sea of War : Promoting the Participation of the Bangsa Moro Women in the Mundanao Peace Process
Gall Harmat - Israel
• Fresh Meat, Fresh Sweets - Militarism and Sexism in Israel
Adilia Caravaca - Costa Rica
• The Impact of Increased Representation of Women in Parliament : The Costa Rica Case
Hovig Etyemezian
• Analysis of Armenian Women’s Empowerment Status and Contribution to the Creation of a Post-Genocide Diasporan Society in Lebanon
Karina Dianderas - Peru
• The Paradoxical Role of Women Within Sendero Luminoso : The Myriad of Reasons Behind Their Refusal to Continue Fighting
Pam Steager - United States
• A Content and Process Evaluation of the post-September 11, 2001 "Peace casts" on www.fire.or.cr
Retika Rajbhandari
• Shifting women’s lives : the impact of armed conflict on the lives of Nepali women

Class of 2004/2005
Tsion Tadesse Abebe - Ethiopia
• Women and Poverty in Etiopía : Assesment of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper
Maria Marta Delgado - Uruguay
• Role of Women in the "Dirty War" in Uruguay in the 60’s and 70’s
Jide Fajoyomi - Nigeria
• Overcoming Poverty for Gender-Sensitive Peace Building in Nigeria
Catherine Garcia Porras - Peru
• Challenges of Women in Policing : Traffic Policewomen improving the law enforcement agency in Peru
Adrina Rose Garibian - United States
• Deconstructing Porgess : A Feminist Critique of US Women in the Iraqi War
Tahmina Khakimona - Tajikistan
• Women and Islam
Shannon Marie Mathieu - United States
• Linking Gender and Disarmament : Women’s Nonviolent Responses to Gendered Militarization and Nuclear Proliferation
Irene Adriana Munz - United States
• Empowerment of Peace Builders by Overcoming Fear
Olumide Sunday Olaniyan - Nigeria
• The Relevance of Gender Equality in Promoting Nigeria’s Development
Jenifa John Omolo - Tanzania
• Domestic violence and HIV / AIDS - The Case of Tanzania
Titilope Rasheedat Salam - Nigeria
• Exploring Women’s Human Rights under the Sharia Penal Code in Northern Nigeria : The Burden of Safiya and Amina
Olivera Simic - Bosnia-Herzegovina
• Gender Side of Peace Building Efforts - Women’s Role in the Aftermath with Particular Emphases on Bosnia and Herzegovina
Yas Taherzadeh-Malmiri - Great Britain
• The Gendered Dimensions of HIV/AIDS in South Africa
Denisse Termin Rosenfeld - Mexico
• Women’s Crimes in Juarez City, Mexico
Iyenemi Wokoma - Nigeria
• Assessing the Accomplishments of Women’s Non-violent Direct Action in the Niger Delta

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